EVs are not only cars …
Electric vehicle or EV is a vehicle that is run by one or multiple electric motors. Besides cars, electric motors can also power other road vehicles including motorcycles, buses, delivery trucks, etc. However, EVs also include other electric motor-powered vehicles such as trains, vessels, aircraft and even spacecraft.
EVs have been around for much longer than most people think.
Though the past century has been dominated by fossil fuel-powered vehicles, EVs have been around for a very long time. Much longer than most people think as the first electric motor-powered vehicles appeared as early as the mid-19th century. Also, they have never really gone away, especially when it comes to trains and road vehicles with the exception of passenger cars.
EVs are not zero-emissions vehicles, including all-electric ones.
Even though all-electric vehicles don’t directly emit carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases that have been linked to climate change, they are not zero-emissions vehicles. This is because the electricity that is used to power electric motors doesn’t come from environmentally friendly sources (e.g. solar power, wind power, tidal power, etc.) alone. Unfortunately, EVs are also powered by electricity that is generated from fossil fuel burning which has been identified as the leading cause of the global climate change.
Even though they indirectly emit carbon and other greenhouse gases, EVs are much more environmentally friendly than the conventional vehicles.
And they will become even more environmentally friendly as the share of renewable sources for electricity generation will increase. But for the time being, the impact of EVs on the environment continues to vary greatly from one country to another, depending on the primary sources for electricity. But despite that, they are much cleaner than their conventional counterparts.
The cost of operating an EV varies greatly from one location to another.
In most countries, operating an EV is much cheaper than running a fossil fuel vehicle (excluding the higher initial purchase cost). However, the actual cost varies greatly from one country to another. And although they are the exception rather than the rule, there are a few places in this world where it is still cheaper to drive a car using regular gasoline.
The United States is currently the largest market for EVs.
With over 400,000 out of approximately 1 million sold EVs, the United States is currently the largest market for electric motor-powered vehicles, followed by China with about 260,000 units and Japan with about 130,000 units. At the end of December 2015, approximately 420,000 EVs have been registered in Europe.